The Labor Courts in the Republic of Panama control the relationship between capital and labor through a permanently integrated system stemming from the Constitutional Labor Title. The system is comprised by the Third Chamber of the Supreme Court of the Contentious & Administrative matters as the maximum adjudication bench, followed by the Superior Tribunal of Labor which acts as an Appellate Level bench to the Sectional Labor Courts which exercise jurisdiction over labor dispute.
The Sectional Labor Courts try cases, which can then be Appealed to the Superior Tribunal. Parties under exceptional circumstances may apply for a recourse of Casación which reviews judgments of the basis of error of law or clear error in the weighing of evidence which significantly influenced the judgment on scrutiny. The justice system for labor disputes is complement with a sturdy Conciliation Board and the Ministry of Labor & Labor Development which oversees laboral conditions throughout the country.